Turn Deserts into Fertile Land -- Produce Food  Save our Earth -- Save Humanity more info more info Summary (cont)

SUMMARY OF THE IMPRINTING PROCESS AND REFERENCES  (cont)

SPECIFICATIONS FOR SEEDING IMPRINTERS 1. Imprint geometric shape: V-shaped trough. 2. Imprint top shape: Rectangular almost square. 3. Imprint top area: About one square foot. 4. Imprint length: 10 inches. 5. Imprint top width: 6 to 12 inches. 6. Imprint end spacing: 2 to 3 inches. 7. Imprint side top spacing: 2 to 3 inches. 8. Imprint depth: 4 to 7 inches. 9. Imprint pattern: staggered (Fig. 5). 10. Imprinter teeth: Ten-inch lengths square cut from 6"x6" or 8"x8" steel angle. 11. Imprinting roller length: 3 feet up to a 10-foot maximum in one-foot increments. 12. Roller core diameter: 20-inch minimum. 13. Imprinting pressure: Adjustable from 15 to 30 pounds per square inch ( psi ). 14.   Seeder   Design:   Seed   agitating   and   discharge   mechanism   uniformly   distributes   trashy   or   fluffy   seed   mixes   of   native   species   just   in front of the imprinting roller at the prescribed rate per acre. Notes a. See Table 1 for the six categories of imprinting rollers which satisfy the first twelve specifications, listed above. b. Land imprinter should be loaded enough to produce full-tooth imprints. Deeply compacted soils should be ripped before imprinting. c. Imprinter seed sometime during the fall months preferably following the first good rain but before the ground freezes. d.   Native   seed   mixes   for   ecological   restoration   should   include   early,   mid   and   late   successional   species   with   at   least   one-fourth   by weight being the seeds of early seral or pioneer species. Also include a cool season annual to provide quick cover for erosion control. e. Conversion factors: 1 inch = 2.54 cm, 1 foot = 30 cm, 1 psi = 6.90 KPa Diagramatic   overhead   view   of   one-foot   square   imprints. Arrows   pointing   to   narrow   line   signifies   resource   funneling   into   imprint   trough. Broad   lines   represent   dikes   that   separate   adjacent   imprints.   Pattern   shown   represents   about   one   revolution   of   a   standard   6-foot imprinting roller. REFERENCES Belsky   , A.J., A.   Matzke   and   S.   Uselman   .   1999.   "Survey   of   Livestock   Influences   on   Stream   and   Riparian   Ecosystems   in   the   Western United States ." J. Soil & Water Cons . 54 (1): 419-431. Buchman , S.L. and G. P. Nabhan . 1996. The Forgotten Pollinators. Island Press, Covelo , CA 292 pgs. Chevallier , A. 1996. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants . D.K. Publishing Inc. New York , NY . 336 pgs. Daily, G.C. 1997. Nature's Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems . Island Press, Covelo , CA 392 pgs. Dixon , R.M. 1980. "Land Imprinter." U.S. Patent No. 4185655. U.S. Patent Office, Washington , D.C. Dixon , R.M. 1995. "Water Infiltration Control at the Soil Surface: Theory and Practice". J. Soil & Water Cons . 50(5): 450-453. Dixon    ,    R.M.    and   A.B.    Carr    1997.    "Infiltration    Regulation    for    Erosion    Control:    Principles    and    Practices".    Proc.    Conference    28, International Erosion Control Association , February, p. 153-164. Dixon    ,    R.M.    and   A.B.    Carr    1998.    Land    Imprinting    for    Restoring    Vegetation    in    the    Desert    Southwest.   Annual    Conference    on Ecosystems   Restoration   and   Creation.   Hillsborough   Community   College   ,   Institute   of   Florida   Studies,   14-15   May,   Tampa   ,   Florida   .   IN PRESS. Dregne ,H.E . 1978 " Desertification:Man's Abuse of the Land" J. Soil & Water Cons . 33: 11-14. Duke, J.A. 1997. The Green Pharmacy . Rodale Press, Inc., Emmaus , PA 617 pgs. Gliessman , S.R. 1998. Agroecology : Ecological Processes in Sustainable Agriculture . Ann Arbor Press, Chelsea , MI 357 pgs. Lowdermilk , W.C. 1935. "Man Made Deserts." Pacific Affairs 8(4): 409-419. Savory, A. 1988. Holistic Resource Management . Island Press, Covelo , CA . St.John ,T . 1998." Mycorrhizal Inoculation in Habitat Restoration". Land & Water .42( 5):17-19. St.John , T. , R.M . Dixon and M.St . John. 1997. "Restoring Arizona 's Discovery Park . Hortus West 8(2): 16-17, 56-59 & 107. Wolf, E.C. 1987. On the Brink of Extinction: Conserving the Diversity of Life . Worldwatch Institute, Paper 78, 54 pgs.
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Turn Deserts into Fertile Land -- Produce Food  Save our Earth -- Save Humanity more info more info

SUMMARY OF THE IMPRINTING PROCESS AND REFERENCES  (cont)

SPECIFICATIONS FOR SEEDING IMPRINTERS 1. Imprint geometric shape: V-shaped trough. 2. Imprint top shape: Rectangular almost square. 3. Imprint top area: About one square foot. 4. Imprint length: 10 inches. 5. Imprint top width: 6 to 12 inches. 6. Imprint end spacing: 2 to 3 inches. 7. Imprint side top spacing: 2 to 3 inches. 8. Imprint depth: 4 to 7 inches. 9. Imprint pattern: staggered (Fig. 5). 10. Imprinter teeth: Ten-inch lengths square cut from 6"x6" or 8"x8" steel angle. 11. Imprinting roller length: 3 feet up to a 10-foot maximum in one-foot increments. 12. Roller core diameter: 20-inch minimum. 13. Imprinting pressure: Adjustable from 15 to 30 pounds per square inch ( psi ). 14.   Seeder   Design:   Seed   agitating   and   discharge   mechanism   uniformly   distributes trashy   or   fluffy   seed   mixes   of   native   species   just   in   front   of   the   imprinting   roller   at the prescribed rate per acre. Notes a.   See   Table   1   for   the   six   categories   of   imprinting   rollers   which   satisfy   the   first twelve specifications, listed above. b.   Land   imprinter   should   be   loaded   enough   to   produce   full-tooth   imprints.   Deeply compacted soils should be ripped before imprinting. c.   Imprinter   seed   sometime   during   the   fall   months   preferably   following   the   first good rain but before the ground freezes. d.   Native   seed   mixes   for   ecological   restoration   should   include   early,   mid   and   late successional   species   with   at   least   one-fourth   by   weight   being   the   seeds   of   early seral   or   pioneer   species. Also   include   a   cool   season   annual   to   provide   quick   cover for erosion control. e. Conversion factors: 1 inch = 2.54 cm, 1 foot = 30 cm, 1 psi = 6.90 KPa Diagramatic   overhead   view   of   one-foot   square   imprints.   Arrows   pointing   to   narrow line   signifies   resource   funneling   into   imprint   trough.   Broad   lines   represent   dikes that   separate   adjacent   imprints.   Pattern   shown   represents   about   one   revolution   of a standard 6-foot imprinting roller. REFERENCES Belsky   , A.J., A.   Matzke   and   S.   Uselman   .   1999.   "Survey   of   Livestock   Influences   on Stream   and   Riparian   Ecosystems   in   the   Western   United   States   ."   J.   Soil   &   Water Cons . 54 (1): 419-431. Buchman   ,   S.L.   and   G.   P.   Nabhan   .   1996.   The   Forgotten   Pollinators.   Island   Press, Covelo , CA 292 pgs. Chevallier   ,   A.   1996.   The   Encyclopedia   of   Medicinal   Plants   .   D.K.   Publishing   Inc. New York , NY . 336 pgs. Daily,   G.C.   1997.   Nature's   Services:   Societal   Dependence   on   Natural   Ecosystems . Island Press, Covelo , CA 392 pgs. Dixon   ,   R.M.   1980.   "Land   Imprinter."   U.S.   Patent   No.   4185655.   U.S.   Patent   Office, Washington , D.C. Dixon   ,   R.M.   1995.   "Water   Infiltration   Control   at   the   Soil   Surface:   Theory   and Practice". J. Soil & Water Cons . 50(5): 450-453. Dixon    ,    R.M.    and   A.B.    Carr    1997.    "Infiltration    Regulation    for    Erosion    Control: Principles    and    Practices".    Proc.    Conference    28,    International    Erosion    Control Association , February, p. 153-164. Dixon   ,   R.M.   and   A.B.   Carr   1998.   Land   Imprinting   for   Restoring   Vegetation   in   the Desert   Southwest.   Annual   Conference   on   Ecosystems   Restoration   and   Creation. Hillsborough   Community   College   ,   Institute   of   Florida   Studies,   14-15   May,   Tampa   , Florida . IN PRESS. Dregne   ,H.E   .   1978   "   Desertification:Man's   Abuse   of   the   Land"   J.   Soil   &   Water Cons . 33: 11-14. Duke,   J.A.   1997.   The   Green   Pharmacy   .   Rodale   Press,   Inc.,   Emmaus   ,   PA   617 pgs. Gliessman    ,    S.R.    1998.    Agroecology    :    Ecological    Processes    in    Sustainable Agriculture . Ann Arbor Press, Chelsea , MI 357 pgs. Lowdermilk , W.C. 1935. "Man Made Deserts." Pacific Affairs 8(4): 409-419. Savory, A. 1988. Holistic Resource Management . Island Press, Covelo , CA . St.John   ,T   .   1998."   Mycorrhizal   Inoculation   in   Habitat   Restoration".   Land   &   Water .42( 5):17-19. St.John   ,   T.   ,   R.M   .   Dixon   and   M.St   .   John.   1997.   "Restoring   Arizona   's   Discovery Park . Hortus West 8(2): 16-17, 56-59 & 107. Wolf,   E.C.   1987.   On   the   Brink   of   Extinction:   Conserving   the   Diversity   of   Life   . Worldwatch Institute, Paper 78, 54 pgs.
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